General Approach to Coding

The strategic aim of coding using the Health Research Classification System is to capture the main objective of the research taking place during the lifetime of the award and not the background or future potential downstream applications of the research (often referred to in the first or last sentence of the abstract).

Every research award is classified using the two dimensions of the coding system, both Research Activity Codes and Health Categories.

All the assigned Research Activity Codes and Health Categories must also be allocated a percentage relevance to the research.

The percentage allocated for each code represents a proportion of the total award value. The total percentage allocated on each dimension must add up to 100% to ensure there is no double counting of award funds.

Use the minimum number of codes to reflect the main focus of the research.

Multiple codes should be equally apportioned across the assigned codes e.g. two codes should be apportioned 50% each, three codes 33.3% each etc. Exceptions to this rule can be made in circumstances where different emphases of research aims are clearly stated in the research objectives, however unequal apportionments should be avoided if possible.

See further guidance on:
Ensure that the overall codes and proportions assigned for an award are appropriately balanced. i.e. the Research Activity Codes and percentages match those of the Health Categories. For example, if an award has two aims, one relevant to the normal biological function of all cells and one linked to biological causes of cancer then it should be coded:
Health Categories Research Activity Codes
50% Generic 50% 1.1 Biological
50% Cancer 50% 2.1 Endogenous risks