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3.4 Vaccines

Research on vaccines for prevention of disease including

  • discovery, development and testing of vaccines and vaccination in model systems
  • mechanism of action
  • development, implementation and evaluation of vaccination programmes and studies to increase uptake
  • decision making, outcomes from vaccination and evaluation of evidence to inform policy

Most vaccines are protective against infection and consequently the majority of vaccine development will be given this code.

Excludes the minority of vaccine studies that are being developed or used for treatment (which would fall into 5.1 Pharmaceuticals or 6.1 Pharmaceuticals).